Beneficial effect of resveratrol on bovine oocyte maturation and subsequent embryonic development after in vitro fertilization

Capsule:
This study provides new evidence on the mechanisms by which resveratrol promotes bovine oocyte maturation.

Authors:
Feng Wang, Ph.D., XiuZhi Tian, Ph.D., Lu Zhang, Ph.D., ChangJiu He, Ph.D., PengYun Ji, M.S., Yu Li, M.S., DunXian Tan, Ph.D., Guoshi Liu, Ph.D.

Volume 101, Issue 2, Pages 577-586.e1, February 2014

Abstract:

Objective:
To analyze the potential beneficial effects and mechanisms of action of resveratrol on the maturation of bovine oocytes that were incubated in different concentrations of resveratrol (0.1, 1.0, or 10.0 μM) as germinal vesicle–stage oocytes.

Design:
In vitro prospective study.

Setting:
University research laboratory.

Animal(s):
Animal models for human studies.

Intervention(s):
In vitro culture in the presence of various concentrations of the antioxidant resveratrol.

Main Outcome Measure(s):
Parameters of hormone levels, oocyte nuclear maturation, cumulus expansion, levels of intracellular glutathione and reactive oxygen species, embryonic cleavage, blastocyst formation, gene expression associated with mature bovine oocytes and cumulus cells, and level of sirtuin 1 gene expression.

Result(s):
Resveratrol statistically significantly increased progesterone secretion and decreased estradiol-17β secretion by cumulus cells. The elevated levels of progesterone activated the Mos/MEK/p42 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade in the oocytes. At a concentration of 1.0 μM, resveratrol statistically significantly improved cumulus expansion, polar body formation, the (hatched) blastocyst rate, and the mean number of cells/blastocysts. Meanwhile, resveratrol statistically significantly reduced the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and increased the level of glutathione (GSH). For the first time, the expression of the sirtuin-1 gene was identified in granulosa cells, cumulus cells, oocytes, and blastocysts. Further studies revealed that resveratrol promoted sirtuin-1 gene expression.

Conclusion(s):
Resveratrol promoted bovine oocyte maturation and subsequent post-in vitro fertilization embryonic development by inducing progesterone secretion and an antioxidant effect, probably in a manner dependent on sirtuin-1.

Translate »