Dysregulated leukemia inhibitory factor and its receptor regulated signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 pathway A possible cause for repeated implantation failure in women with dormant genital tuberculosis

Capsule:
Poor expression of implantation markers and altered leukemia inhibitory factor–signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (LIF-STAT3) signaling in women with dormant genital tuberculosis is associated with implantation failure. Alterations in LIF-STAT3 signaling in heat shock protein-65-treated human endometrial stromal cells confirms compromised endometrial decidualization.

Authors:
Elavarasan Subramani, M.Sc., Ejimedo Madogwe, M.Sc., Vilceu Bordignon, Ph.D., Raj Duggavathi, Ph.D., Chaitali DattaRay, M.D., Subir Kumar Dutta, M.D., Baidyanath Chakravarty, M.D., Koel Chaudhury, Ph.D.

Volume 105, Issue 4, Pages 1076-1084

Abstract:

Objective:
To investigate the influence of dormant Mycobacterium tuberculosis on the expression of various endometrial receptivity markers and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF)-signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling pathway. Expression of endometrial receptivity markers and LIF-STAT3 signaling in in vitro decidualized human endometrial stromal cells (hESC) treated with 65 kDa mycobacterial heat shock protein (HSP65) is also explored.

Design:
A prospective study.

Setting:
Tertiary care hospital and reproductive health research unit.

Patient(s):
Endometrial tissue samples were collected from 38 women who tested positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis and 30 normal women with proven fertility undergoing sterilization. In vitro decidualization of hESC was performed.

Intervention(s):
Endometrial biopsies collected from all women during implantation window and treatment of hESC with HSP65.

Main Outcome Measure(s):
Measurement of various endometrial receptivity markers including αvβ3 integrin, E-cadherin, MECA-79, mucin-1, and pinopodes and LIF/LIFR-STAT3 signaling molecules expressed in the endometrium of women with dormant genital tuberculosis (GTB) during implantation window and measured also in HSP65-treated hESC.

Result(s):
Significantly reduced levels of endometrial receptivity markers LIF, LIFR, and pSTAT3 were observed in endometrium of women with dormant GTB as compared with in controls. A similar trend was observed under in vitro conditions with decreased level of phosphorylated STAT3 in HSP65-treated hESC. However, no change in the expression of endometrial receptivity markers under in vitro conditions was observed.

Conclusion(s):
Our findings suggest that endometrium of women with dormant GTB is associated with poor receptivity, as evidenced by reduced receptivity markers and aberrant LIF-STAT3 signaling. In vitro treatment of hESC with HSP65 also confirms compromised endometrial decidualization.

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