Freeze all policy fresh vs frozen thawed embryo transfer

Capsule:
Even in patients that undergo fresh embryo transfer without progesterone elevation, endometrial receptivity may be impaired by controlled ovarian stimulation, and outcomes may be improved by using the freeze-all policy.

Authors:
Matheus Roque, M.D., Marcello Valle, M.D., Fernando Guimarães, B.S., Marcos Sampaio, M.D., Ph.D., Selmo Geber, M.D., Ph.D.

Volume 103, Issue 5, Pages 1190-1193

Abstract:

Objective:
To compare in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes between fresh embryo transfer (ET) and frozen-thawed ET (the “freeze-all” policy), with fresh ET performed only in cases without progesterone (P) elevation.

Design:
Prospective, observational, cohort study.

Setting:
Private IVF center.

Patient(s):
A total of 530 patients submitted to controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone–antagonist protocol, and cleavage-stage, day-3 ET.

Intervention(s):
None.

Main Outcome Measure(s):
Ongoing pregnancy rates.

Result(s):
A total of 530 cycles were included in the analysis: 351 in the fresh ET group (when P levels were ≤1.5 ng/mL on the trigger day); and 179 cycles in the freeze-all group (ET performed after endometrial priming with estradiol valerate, at 6 mg/d, taken orally). For the fresh ET group vs. the freeze-all group, respectively, the implantation rate was 19.9% and 26.5%; clinical pregnancy rate was 35.9% and 46.4%; and ongoing pregnancy rate was 31.1% and 39.7%.

Conclusion(s):
The IVF outcomes were significantly better in the group using the freeze-all policy, compared with the group using fresh ET. These results suggest that even in a select group of patients that underwent fresh ET (P levels ≤1.5 ng/mL), endometrial receptivity may have been impaired by COS, and outcomes may be improved by using the freeze-all policy.

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