Mayer Rokitansky Küster Hauser syndrome discordance in monozygotic twins Matrix metalloproteinase 14 low density lipoprotein receptor related protein 10 extracellular matrix and neoangiogenesis genes identified as candidate genes in a tissue specific mosaicism

Capsule:
Combining copy number variation data from five monozygotic twins with our previous transcriptional regulation data, our present study is the first to have detected new candidate genes for Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome in monozygotic twins.

Authors:
Katharina Rall, M.D., Simone Eisenbeis, Ph.D., Gianmaria Barresi, M.D., Daniel Rückner, M.D., Michael Walter, Ph.D., Sven Poths, Diethelm Wallwiener, M.D., Olaf Riess, M.D., Michael Bonin, Ph.D., Sara Brucker, M.D.

Volume 103, Issue 2, Pages 494-502

Abstract:

Objective:
To find a potential underlying cause for Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome (MRKHS) discordance in monozygotic twins.

Design:
Prospective comparative study.

Setting:
University hospital.

Patient(s):
Our study genetically analyzed 5 MRKHS-discordant monozygotic twin pairs with the unique opportunity to include saliva and rudimentary uterine tissue.

Intervention(s):
Blood, saliva, or rudimentary uterine tissue from five MRKHS-discordant twins was analyzed and compared between twin pairs as well as within the same individual where applicable. We used copy number variations (CNVs) to identify differences.

Main Outcome Measure(s):
CNVs in blood, rudimentary uterine tissue, and saliva, network analysis, and review of the literature.

Result(s):
One duplication found in the affected twin included two genes, matrix metalloproteinase 14 (MMP14) and low-density lipoprotein receptor–related protein 10 (LRP10), which have known functions in the embryonic development of the uterus and endometrium. The duplicated region was detected in rudimentary uterine tissue from the same individual but not in saliva, making a tissue-specific mosaicism a possible explanation for twin discordance. Additional network analysis revealed important connections to differentially expressed genes from previous studies. These genes encode several molecules involved in extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling and neoangiogenesis.

Conclusion(s):
MMP-14, LRP-10, ECM, and neoangiogenesis genes are identified as candidate genes in a tissue-specific mosaicism. The detected clusters provide evidence of deficient vascularization during uterine development and/or disturbed reorganization of ECM components, potentially during müllerian duct elongation signaled by the embryologically relevant phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B pathway. Therefore, we consider these genes to be new candidates in the manifestation of MRKHS.

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