Gonadotropin releasing hormone and gonadotropin releasing hormone receptor are expressed at tubal ectopic pregnancy implantation sites

Capsule:
This study discusses the expression of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and its receptor at tubal ectopic pregnancy implantation sites, and investigates the role of GnRH and a GnRH antagonist in regulating trophoblastic BeWo cell viability.

Authors:
Bo Peng, Ph.D., Christian Klausen, Ph.D., Lisa Campbell, M.B.Ch.B., Peter C.K. Leung, Ph.D., Andrew W. Horne, Ph.D., Mohamed A. Bedaiwy, M.D., Ph.D.

Volume 105, Issue 6, Pages 1620-1627

Abstract:

Objective:
To investigate whether GnRH and GnRH receptor (GnRHR) are expressed at tubal ectopic pregnancy sites, and to study the potential role of GnRH signaling in regulating immortalized human trophoblast cell viability.

Design:
Immunohistochemical and experimental studies.

Setting:
Academic research laboratory.

Patient(s):
Fallopian tube implantation sites (n = 25) were collected from women with ectopic pregnancy. First-trimester human placenta biopsies (n = 5) were obtained from elective terminations of pregnancy.

Intervention(s):
None.

Main Outcome Measure(s):
GnRH and GnRHR expression was examined by means of immunohistochemistry and histoscoring. Trophoblastic BeWo choriocarcinoma and immortalized extravillous trophoblast (HTR-8/SVneo) cell viability was examined by means of cell counting after incubation with GnRH and/or GnRH antagonist (Antide).

Result(s):
GnRH and GnRHR immunoreactivity was detected in cytotrophoblast, syncytiotrophoblast, and extravillous trophoblast in all women with tubal pregnancy. GnRH immunoreactivity was higher and GnRHR immunoreactivity lower in syncytiotrophoblast compared with cytotrophoblast. GnRH and GnRHR immunoreactivity was detected in adjacent fallopian tube epithelium. Whereas neither GnRH nor Antide altered HTR-8/SVneo cell viability, treatment with GnRH significantly increased the overall cell viability of BeWo cells at 48 and 72 hours, and these effects were abolished by pretreatment with Antide.

Conclusion(s):
GnRH and GnRHR are expressed in trophoblast cell populations and fallopian tube epithelium at tubal ectopic pregnancy sites. GnRH increases BeWo cell viability, an effect mediated by the GnRHR. Further work is required to investigate the potential role of GnRH signaling in ectopic pregnancy.

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