Obstetric and neonatal outcomes in blastocyst stage biopsy with frozen embryo transfer and cleavage-stage biopsy with fresh embryo transfer after preimplantation genetic diagnosis screening

Authors:
Shuang Jing, M.Sc., Keli Luo, M.D., Ph.D., Hui He, M.Sc., Changfu Lu, Ph.D., Shuoping Zhang, M.D., Yueqiu Tan, Ph.D., Fei Gong, M.D., Ph.D., Guangxiu Lu, M.D., Ge Lin, M.D., Ph.D.

Abstract:

Objective:
To study whether embryo biopsy for preimplantation genetic diagnosis/preimplantation genetic screening (PGD/PGS) can influence pregnancy complications and neonatal outcomes.

Design:
Retrospective analysis.

Setting:
University-affiliated center.

Patient(s):
This study included data from women and their neonates born after PGD/PGS (n = 317).

Main Outcome Measure(s):
Questionnaires were designed to obtain information relating to pregnancy complications and neonatal outcomes.

Intervention(s):
Two major strategies for PGD/PGS were evaluated. Blastocyst-stage biopsy and frozen embryo transfer (BB-FET) was carried out in 166 patients, and cleavage-stage biopsy and fresh embryo transfer (CB-ET) was carried out in 129 patients.

Result(s):
The incidence of gestational hypertension was significantly higher in BB-FET compared with in CB-ET (9.0% vs. 2.3%, adjusted odds ratio [OR] and 95% confidence interval [CI], 4.85 [1.34, 17.56]). In twins, the birthweight (median [range], 2.70 kg [1.55–3.60 kg] vs. 2.50 kg [1.23–3.75 kg]) was higher in BB-FET than in CB-ET and the gestational age was longer in BB-FET than in CB-ET (median [range], 36.71 weeks [31.14–39.29 weeks] vs. 35.57 weeks [30.57–38.43 weeks]). There was no difference in the incidence of singleton births between the two groups except in the incidence of preterm births (28–37 weeks; 5.3% vs. 16.5% in CB-ET and BB-FET). No significant differences were detected in the incidence of perinatal deaths, birth defects, gender of neonates, and large for gestational age in both singletons and twins, although the numbers of some events were small.

Conclusion(s):
BB-FET is associated with a higher incidence of gestational hypertension but better neonatal outcomes compared with CB-ET, especially in twins.

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