Glycoprotein 130 promotes human blastocyst development in vitro

Capsule:
Supplementation of glycoprotein 130 to culture media increased blastocyst formation of human pre-embryos.

Authors:
Fredwell Hambiliki, M.Sc., Jörg Hanrieder, Ph.D., Jonas Bergquist Ph.D., Julius Hreinsson Ph.D., Anneli Stavreus-Evers, Ph.D., Kjell Wånggren M.D., Ph.D.

Volume 99, Issue 6, Pages 1592-1599.e3, May 2013

Abstract:

Objective:
To investigate the efficacy of Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and/or Glycoprotein 130 (gp130) on in vitro growth of human embryos.

Design:
Laboratory study.

Setting:
University hospital-based IVF clinic.

Patient(s):
A total of 164 frozen embryos that survived thawing were cultured in media supplemented with LIF and/or gp130 or control media.

Interventions:
Morphological development was evaluated by light microscopy. Protein expression profiles of single blastocysts were evaluated using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight-based intact cell mass spectrometry.

Result(s):
Addition of gp130 to culture media improved blastocyst formation (73% versus 43%). Addition of LIF to the culture media did not improve embryo development. Protein fingerprint spectra were obtained that revealed significant intensity changes for multiple molecular species including thymosin beta10, thymosin beta 4, histone H2A, histone H2B, histone H4, Ubiquitin, Ubiquitin-T and acyl-CoA binding protein.

Conclusion(s):
Glycoprotein 130, but not LIF, seems to be beneficial for preimplantation embryo development, implicating a physiological role in regulating preimplantation development in humans and thus ought to be included in culture media designed for embryo culture to the blastocyst stage. Furthermore, these findings highlight the great potential of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry and intact cell mass spectrometry as a versatile tool in reproductive medicine research.

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