Generation of multioocyte follicles in the peripubertal rat ovary Link to the invasive capacity of granulosa cells

Capsule:
Contrary to previous assumptions, multi-oocyte follicles (MOFs) are frequently observed in the pubertal ovary. Follicle fusion, associated with granulosa cell invasiveness, appears to be the major mechanism for MOF generation.

Authors:
Francisco Gaytán, M.D., Ph.D., Concepción Morales, M.D., Ph.D., María Manfredi-Lozano, B.Sc., Manuel Tena-Sempere, M.D., Ph.D.

Volume 101, Issue 5, Pages 1467–1476

Abstract:

Objective:
To assess the presence and numbers of multi-oocyte follicles (MOFs) in the rat ovary at different stages of postnatal maturation.

Design:
Animal (rat) study.

Setting:
Research laboratory.

Animal(s):
Female Wistar rats.

Intervention(s):
Histologic/morphometric analyses in ovaries from infantile, juvenile, pubertal, and adult female rats.

Main Outcome Measure(s):
Numbers and characteristics of MOFs in rat ovaries at different stages of postnatal maturation.

Result(s):
Female rats displayed low numbers (<5/ovary) of MOFs in the infantile period (postnatal day [PND] 15). The occurrence of MOFs increased sharply by PND-21 and remained at high values (>15/ovary) up to PND-60, to decline thereafter by PND-90. The presence of irregularly shaped and connected adjacent follicles, together with the identification of ruptures at the follicle surface and the occasional invasion of the ovarian stroma by granulosa cells, strongly suggests that the majority of MOFs in peripubertal rats are generated by fusion of adjacent growing follicles.

Conclusion(s):
A new mechanism for the generation of MOFs linked to the potential invasive capacity of granulosa cells is proposed. The basis for the upsurge in the generation of MOFs during the peripubertal period and whether, as predictable, this phenomenon is applicable to other mammalian species warrant further investigation.

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