Early luteal phase endocrine profile is affected by the mode of triggering final oocyte maturation and the luteal phase support used in recombinant FSH GnRH antagonist IVF cycles

In oocyte donors triggered with a bolus of GnRHa, gonadotropin and steroid levels during the early luteal phase differed significantly according to the type of luteal phase support used after triggering.

Human M. Fatemi, M.D., Ph.D., Nikolaos P. Polyzos, M.D., Ph.D., Inge Van Vaerenbergh, M.Sc., Claire Bourgain, M.D., Ph.D., Christophe Blockeel, M.D., Ph.D., Birgit Alsbjerg, M.D., Evangelos G. Papanikolaou, M.D., Ph.D., Peter Humaidan, M.D., MS.c.

Volume 100, Issue 3, Pages 742-747.e1, September 2013


To assess endocrine differences during early luteal phase according to mode of triggering final oocyte maturation with or without luteal phase support (LPS).

A prospective randomized study.

University center for reproductive medicine.

Four oocyte donors each underwent four consecutive cycles.

To avoid interpatient variation, each donor underwent the same stimulation regimen. However, different modes of triggering final oocyte maturation and LPS were administered: A) 10,000 IU hCG and standard LPS; B) GnRH agonist (GnRHa; 0.2 mg triptorelin), and 35 hours later 1,500 IU hCG, and standard LPS; C) GnRH agonist (0.2 mg triptorelin) and standard LPS; and D) GnRH agonist (0.2 mg triptorelin) without LPS.

Main Outcome Measure(s):
Blood sampling was performed on the day of ovulation trigger, ovulation trigger + 1 day, and ovum pick-up + 5 days. Serum E2, FSH, LH, and P were measured.

The early luteal phase steroid levels following GnRHa trigger and modified luteal phase support (B) were similar to those seen after hCG trigger (A). However, significant differences were seen between groups A and B compared with C and D, as well as between groups C and D.

Administration of a single bolus of GnRHa effectively induced LH and FSH surges in oocyte donors stimulated with recombinant FSH and cotreated with a GnRH antagonist. However, gonadotropin and steroid levels differed significantly according to the type of luteal phase support used after GnRHa trigger.

European Community Clinical Trial System (EudraCT) Number:

  • Amanda N. Kallen

    It is reassuring to see that E2 levels and delivery rates are similar in this study between the hCG trigger group and the GnRha+ hCG rescue bolus groups. Since we would presumably use the GnRha trigger in patients at high risk of OHSS, is there any data regarding whether (and how much) the small hCG bolus increases OHSS risk above GnRH alone?

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