Outcomes of in vitro fertilization with preimplantation genetic diagnosis: an analysis of the Unites States Assisted Reproductive Technology Surveillance Data 2011 2012

Capsule:
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis for aneuploidy screening may be beneficial for reducing the risk of miscarriage in women aged 35 and improving chances of a live birth in women >37 years.

Authors:
Jeani Chang, M.P.H., Sheree L. Boulet, D.P.H., Gary Jeng, Ph.D., Lisa Flowers, M.P.A., Dmitry M. Kissin, M.D.

Volume 105, Issue 2, Pages 394-400

Abstract:

Objective:
To assess the characteristics of IVF cycles for which preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) was used and to evaluate indications for PGD and treatment outcomes associated with this procedure as compared with cycles without PGD with the data from the U.S. National ART Surveillance System.

Design:
Retrospective cohort study.

Setting:
None.

Patient(s):
Fresh autologous cycles that involved transfer of at least one embryo at blastocyst when available.

Intervention(s):
None.

Main Outcome Measure(s):
PGD indications and age-specific reproductive outcomes.

Result(s):
There were a total of 97,069 non-PGD cycles and 9,833 PGD cycles: 55.6% were performed for aneuploidy screening (PGD Aneuploidy), 29.1% for other reasons (PGD Other), and 15.3% for genetic testing (PGD Genetic). In comparison to non-PGD cycles, PGD Aneuploidy cycles showed a decreased odds of miscarriage among women 35–37 years (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 0.62; 95% CI, 0.45–0.87) and women >37 years (aOR 0.55; 95% CI, 0.43–0.70); and an increased odds of clinical pregnancy (aOR 1.18; 95% CI, 1.05–1.34), live-birth delivery (aOR 1.43; 95% CI, 1.26–1.62), and multiple-birth delivery (aOR 1.98; 95% CI, 1.52–2.57) among women >37 years.

Conclusion(s):
Aneuploidy screening was the most common indication for PGD. Use of PGD was not observed to be associated with an increased odds of clinical pregnancy or live birth for women <35 years. PGD for aneuploidy was associated with a decreased odds of miscarriage for women >35 years, but an increased odds of a live-birth and a multiple live-birth delivery among women >37 years.

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