Spectral modulation of light wavelengths using optical filters Effect on melatonin secretion
We describe the potential use of optical filters that block light wavelengths below 480 nm as an effective method to prevent acute disruption in circadian rhythm phase markers, including suppression of melatonin by light exposure at night.
Robert F. Casper, M.D., Shadab Rahman, Ph.D.
Volume 102, Issue 2, Pages 336–338
Shiftwork has been identified as a risk factor for various medical problems, such as cancer, heart disease, metabolic disturbances, depression, and anxiety disorders, and as reviewed this month, adverse reproductive function. Shiftwork misaligns physiological rhythms with respect to each other and to external environmental rhythms such as the 24-hour light/dark cycle. Light is the strongest time cue for entraining circadian rhythms in mammals, and aberrant light exposure patterns during shiftwork is one of the key factors that induce circadian misalignment. We have recently demonstrated, in both animal and clinical models, that filtering short wavelengths (below 480 nm) from nocturnal lighting can attenuate alterations in hormone secretion (melatonin and glucocorticoids) and in central and peripheral clock gene expression induced by nighttime light exposure. We also demonstrated that the use of optical filters led to an improvement in mood and in cognitive performance under controlled laboratory conditions and during field-based shiftwork studies. Moreover, there was an increase in sleep duration and quality on nights immediately following night shifts. We believe it is likely that optical filters incorporated into glasses or as coverings for light bulbs could be used as a method to improve or prevent many of the medical problems associated with circadian misalignment and rotating shiftwork.