Treatment of ectopic pregnancies in 2014 New answers to some old questions

Capsule:
Management of ectopic pregnancy should be decided based on activity, and subsequent fertility, the woman’s preferences, failure rate, and recovery time are relevant factors in choosing the most appropriate treatment.

Authors:
Perrine Capmas, M.D., Jean Bouyer, Ph.D., Hervé Fernandez, M.D., Ph.D.

Volume 101, Issue 3, Pages 615-620, March 2014

Abstract:

Over the past 20 years, a substantial body of research has accumulated about ectopic pregnancy, especially about its epidemiology, risk factors, and diagnosis. Nonetheless, the care of women with these pregnancies remains a topic of debate, and no consensus or guidelines exist to clarify the optimal treatment choices. This review revisits the four primary treatments for ectopic pregnancy and defines and details the concept of “activity,” which guides the indications for each treatment. Recent findings of no difference in fertility during the 2 years after an ectopic pregnancy have answered some old questions and raised new ones for determining the optimal management of ectopic pregnancies. Most especially, they allow the consideration and weighing of a wider range of factors, including the woman’s own preferences as well as efficacy and the monitoring time until recovery.

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