Vaginal (Crinone 8%) gel vs. intramuscular progesterone in oil for luteal phase support in in vitro fertilization: a large prospective trial

Capsule:
In younger patients undergoing IVF, luteal phase support with vaginal P produces significantly higher pregnancy rates than does IMP. Vaginal P is equally effective as IM in older patients.

Authors:
Kaylen M. Silverberg, M.D., Thomas C. Vaughn, M.D., Lisa J. Hansard, M.D., Natalie Z. Burger, M.D., Tamara Minter, B.S.
Volume 97, Issue 2 , Pages 344-348, February 2012

Objective:
To compare the efficacy of intravaginal and IMP for luteal phase support in IVF cycles.

Design:
Prospective trial.

Setting:
Tertiary care private practice.

Patient(s):
Women 25–44 years old with infertility necessitating treatment with IVF. From April 1, 2008–April 1, 2009, 511 consecutive patients were enrolled; 474 completed participation, and 37 were excluded for no autologous ET (freeze all, donor recipients, failed fertilization/cleavage). There were no demographic differences between the two treatment groups.

Intervention(s):
Luteal phase support using either Crinone or P in oil starting 2 days following oocyte retrieval.

Main Outcome Measure(s):
Pregnancy and delivery rates stratified by patient age.

Result(s):
Overall, patients who received vaginal P had higher pregnancy (70.9% vs. 64.2%) and delivery (51.7% vs. 45.4%) rates than did patients who received IMP. Patients

Conclusion(s):
In younger patients undergoing IVF, support of the luteal phase with Crinone produces significantly higher pregnancy rates than does IMP. Crinone and IMP appear to be equally efficacious in the older patient.

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